Surgery - Patient Care and Treatment

Surgery - Patient Care and Treatment

Learn about common surgeries and conditions treated at Penn State Children’s Hospital. Our Pediatric Surgery team is experienced in many areas.

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Ramiah Martin sits reclined in a stroller; her sister sits beside her, placing her hand on Ramiah's arm.

Ramiah’s story: How patient care and medical innovation helped her overcome obstacles

After spending her first 13 months in the hospital, today, Ramiah is going home for the first time. Ramiah had an extremely rare developmental abnormality called tracheal agenesis: she was born without a trachea, or windpipe.

Using the expertise of multiple specialists at Penn State Children’s Hospital and other medical centers, including engineers and radiologists, a 3D printed device was surgically implanted as a scaffold to help Ramiah’s esophagus serve as a replacement for her missing trachea. She also underwent surgery for a congenital heart defect. See Ramiah’s full story here.

Common conditions treated by Pediatric Surgeons

Our surgeons treat many kinds of children’s health problems. Some of the more common conditions include:

Additional conditions treated by Pediatric Surgeons

  • Biliary atresia (a rare disease of the liver and bile ducts in infants)
  • Biliary dyskinesia (a gallbladder problem where bile does not empty from the gallbladder properly)
  • Choledochal cyst (a cyst in the bile ducts)
  • Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (abdominal organs move into the chest through a hole in the diaphragm)
  • Duodenal /Intestinal atresia (when the intestine isn’t formed completely)
  • Empyema (pus around the lung, usually caused by pneumonia or chest trauma)
  • Esophageal atresia (when a baby is born without part of the esophagus, the tube that connects the throat to the stomach)
  • Foreign bodies of the airway/esophagus (when a child breathes in or swallows something that doesn’t belong)
  • Gastroschisis (when a baby’s intestines stick out of the body through a hole next to the belly button)
  • Intestinal obstruction (blocked bowel)
  • Intussusception (when one part of the bowel slides into another part, causing a blockage)
  • Liver tumors
  • Lumps and Bumps (lymph nodes, neck masses, skin lesions)
  • Lung malformations (when a baby is born with lung problems resulting from the abnormal development of the lung, including CPAM, CLO, sequestration)
  • Malrotation of the intestine (twisted intestines)
  • Meckel’s diverticulum (when a baby is born with a pouch or bulge in part of the small intestine)
  • Meconium ileus (blocked bowel caused by extra thick, sticky meconium, the material within the infants intestine)
  • Necrotizing enterocolitis (when a premature baby’s intestine is injured or begins to die off, causing infection or a hole in the intestine)
  • Neuroblastoma (a cancer that usually starts in the adrenal glands or nearby in the abdomen)
  • Omphalocele  (when a baby’s intestines or other organs form outside of the body because of a hole in the belly button)
  • Sarcomas (a cancer in soft tissues, such as fat cells, nerves, muscles, blood vessels and other connective tissues)
  • Teratoma (when a baby is born with a tumor made up of different kinds of tissue)
  • Vascular and lymphatic malformations (when a baby is born with problems in the veins, lymph vessels or both)
  • Wilms tumor (a cancer that starts in the kidneys)

Pediatric surgical programs and areas of special expertise

Our surgeons are experienced in many types of children’s surgeries. Here are some areas of special expertise:

  • Neonatal surgery (surgery in premature babies and newborns)
  • Pediatric thoracic surgery (surgery between the neck and abdomen)
  • Pediatric surgical oncology (cancer surgery)
  • Pediatric minimally invasive surgery (surgery using smaller instruments and incisions)
  • Prenatal diagnosis and treatment (when there is a problem with the baby’s development during pregnancy)
  • Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation (ECMO, a pump that circulates blood through an artificial lung then back into the body of a very sick baby)
  • Management of pediatric colorectal problems including anorectal malformations, Hirschsprung disease, inflammatory bowel disease (Crohn’s disease, ulcerative colitis) and severe constipation
  • Management of enteric feeding tubes (G-tubes, GJ-tubes)
  • Intestinal rehabilitation for patients with short bowel syndrome and related problems requiring long-term intravenous feeding (such as Total Parenteral Nutrition or TPN)
  • Pediatric trauma (life-threatening injuries)
  • Pediatric injury prevention
  • Pediatric surgical innovation (software and device development)
  • Pediatric surgery global healthcare initiatives

Contact Us

Scheduling: 717-531-8342
Fax: 717-531-4185

Academic Office: 717-531-8342